Download e-book for iPad: Ancient Bodies, Modern Lives: How Evolution Has Shaped by Wenda Trevathan Ph.D.

By Wenda Trevathan Ph.D.

ISBN-10: 0195388887

ISBN-13: 9780195388886

Winner of the 2011 W.W. Howells e-book Award of the yankee Anthropological Association

How has bipedalism impacted human childbirth? Do PMS and postpartum melancholy have particular, perhaps even important, features? those are just of the various questions that experts in evolutionary drugs search to respond to, and that anthropologist Wenda Trevathan addresses in Ancient Bodies, Modern Lives.

Exploring more than a few women's overall healthiness matters that could be considered via an evolutionary lens, in particular targeting replica, Trevathan delves into matters akin to the clinical effects of early puberty in ladies, the effect of migration, tradition swap, and poverty on reproductive overall healthiness, and the way fetal progress retardation impacts future health in later lifestyles. Hypothesizing that a few of the future health demanding situations confronted via ladies this present day outcome from a mismatch among how their our bodies have developed and the modern environments during which glossy people stay, Trevathan sheds gentle at the strength and capability of interpreting the human lifestyles cycle from an evolutionary standpoint, and the way this is able to enhance our figuring out of women's healthiness and our skill to confront future health demanding situations in additional artistic, potent ways.

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Additional info for Ancient Bodies, Modern Lives: How Evolution Has Shaped Women's Health

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In Carol Worthman’s words, the ‘‘schedules of childhood’’ in the minds and texts of an older generation do not fit with what the young adolescents are experiencing,48 and behavioral conflicts can result, compromising family and individual mental health. When Should Puberty Occur? In summary, here is just a partial list of what menarche may depend on: when a girl’s mother reached puberty; how much body fat she has; her waist-to-hip ratio; how much fat is in her diet; how many siblings she has; whether she lives with her father or other older men; what she weighed at birth; how physically active she is; whether she has gained weight recently; whether she lives in a rural or urban area; how much psychosocial stress she has experienced; her socioeconomic status; longterm illnesses that she has had; and dozens of things we have not even thought about.

Reasons for this are somewhat obvious because a full understanding would require experimentation and testing of competing hypotheses by using living humans, which would not be acceptable. Although there are many similarities in biology, our reproductive systems are so different from those of mice, monkeys, and even chimpanzees that experimenting with these species, even if it were not so controversial in our society, would not necessarily produce the information we need. 28 Ancient Bodies, Modern Lives Reproductive maturation is a two-stage process: adrenarche, when the adrenal glands mature at about ages 6–8 (earlier for girls) and gonadarche (menarche in girls), when the gonadal hormones kick in.

When Should Puberty Occur? In summary, here is just a partial list of what menarche may depend on: when a girl’s mother reached puberty; how much body fat she has; her waist-to-hip ratio; how much fat is in her diet; how many siblings she has; whether she lives with her father or other older men; what she weighed at birth; how physically active she is; whether she has gained weight recently; whether she lives in a rural or urban area; how much psychosocial stress she has experienced; her socioeconomic status; longterm illnesses that she has had; and dozens of things we have not even thought about.

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Ancient Bodies, Modern Lives: How Evolution Has Shaped Women's Health by Wenda Trevathan Ph.D.


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