Download PDF by John Murphy: Ali Khamenei (Modern World Leaders)

By John Murphy

ISBN-10: 0791095177

ISBN-13: 9780791095171

ISBN-10: 1438104626

ISBN-13: 9781438104621

Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei used to be born right into a kin of strict piety and reasonable poverty. As a serious-minded spiritual pupil, he quickly stuck the attention of the Ayatollah Khomeini. Upon Khomeini's dying, Khamenei was once named his successor and have become the Grand Ayatollah of Iran. This biography tells his tale.

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Yet as the war drew to a close, the country was subject to the intrusive presence of British, Russian, Turkish, and tribal military forces. Agricultural lands were trampled, crops were ruined, irrigation systems were destroyed, and peasants were displaced from their farms. Mass famine resulted, and Iran was plunged into civil unrest. The British, sensing the opportunities that chaos and a power vacuum created, tried to force the Iranian government to accept a treaty that would grant Britain control over Iran’s military, its infrastructure, its resources, and its trade.

He claims descent from the Prophet Muhammad himself. Both of his grandfathers were renowned clerics, as was his uncle. He was the second son of devout parents. Both his parents were Azeri (or Azerbaijanis), an ethnic group that is generally Muslim and is a mixture of Turkic, Caucasian (from the Caucuses), and Iranian bloodlines and traditions. His father, Sayyed Javad Khamenei, was a humble but well-respected religious scholar who was honored with the responsibility of leading morning, midday, and evening prayers at two of Mashhad’s mosques.

Many others were enslaved. It would take until the mid-twentieth century before Iran’s population returned to the ISLAMIC INVASION pre-Mongol invasion numbers. These nomadic Asian warriorpeoples were less interested in empire building and more interested in extracting the wealth of the conquered territories, including herds and foraging land. The once-glorious Persian Empire had become a mere Mongol territory, razed, ravaged, and impoverished. Sufism and the Safavid Dynasty Perhaps all history is cyclical, but no nation’s history seems more so than Iran’s.

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Ali Khamenei (Modern World Leaders) by John Murphy

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