By Julian Harty, Mahadev Satyanarayanan
Trying out purposes for cell phones is tough, time-consuming, and difficult to do successfully. many folks have constrained their trying out efforts to hands-on trying out of an software on a number of actual handsets, and so they need to repeat the method each time a re-creation of the software program is able to try out. they could pass over a number of the diversifications of real-world use, and to that end their clients are left with the disagreeable mess of a failing program on their telephone. try out automation may also help to extend the variety and scope of checking out, whereas decreasing the overhead of guide trying out of every model of the software program. although automation isn't a panacea, fairly for cellular functions, so we have to choose our try out automation demanding situations correctly. This e-book is meant to assist software program and attempt engineers choose adequately to accomplish extra; and subsequently carry greater caliber, operating software program to clients. This Synthesis lecture offers sensible recommendation in response to direct adventure of utilizing software program attempt automation to assist increase the trying out of a variety of cellular phone functions, together with the most recent AJAX functions. the point of interest is on functions that depend upon a instant community connection to a distant server, but the ideas may perhaps follow to different similar fields and purposes. we commence via explaining phrases and a few of the most important demanding situations all for checking out telephone functions. next chapters describe one of those software e.g. markup, AJAX, buyer, via a comparable bankruptcy on tips on how to try every one of those purposes. universal attempt automation suggestions are lined in a separate bankruptcy, and eventually there's a short bankruptcy on whilst to check manually. The ebook additionally includes various guidelines and hyperlinks to extra fabric that can assist you to enhance your checking out utilizing automation thoroughly.
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Additional resources for A Practical Guide to Testing Wireless Smartphone Applications (Synthesis Lectures on Mobile and Pervasive Computing)
Create a custom Firefox profile that includes the user agent add-in. Add user-agent strings for the mobile device(s) you want to test. Then record a session in the IDE to create a basic script which can be incorporated into your automated tests. 2 WebDriver Tips for Mobile AJAX Automation • • When testing with a desktop web browser, use Firefox and the FirefoxDriver. Firefox is easy to customize and extend, and the WebDriver interface is the most capable as a result. In the test programmatically create a custom profile which sets sufficient HTTP headers to enable the browser to convince the server our requests have been sent from the device we want to emulate.
A web browser can be used as a simple way to quickly view the content returned for a given xHTML device. The browser will need an add-in to incorporate sufficient device headers to convince the web site that the request is from a particular mobile device. Similarly, WML can be rendered in Firefox by using another browser add-in. 1 GETTING STARTED WITH TEST AUTOMATION Let us start with an overview of how you can implement your first automated script for testing browser applications: • • • • • Implement commands to send a HTTP request and receive the response.
Early mobile wireless devices used WAP requests and expected WML responses. Later phones were often able to support both WML and xHTML, while newer phones support xHTML and HTML. Since the search engine does not have any indication of what markup language the requester wanted, it sends the earliest version. Google search is able to deliver the correct markup provided it receives sufficient “clues” in the HTTP request. Two key HTTP headers generally provide enough information for the search engine to deliver appropriate content for a given device.
A Practical Guide to Testing Wireless Smartphone Applications (Synthesis Lectures on Mobile and Pervasive Computing) by Julian Harty, Mahadev Satyanarayanan