By Leonard Levin Eliezer Schweid
The fruits of Eliezer Schweids life-work as Jewish highbrow historian, this five-volume paintings offers a finished, interdisciplinary account of the foremost thinkers and routine in glossy Jewish inspiration, within the context of normal philosophy and Jewish social-political old advancements. a tremendous subject matter of the paintings is the reaction of Jewish concept to the increase and drawback of Western humanism from the seventeenth during the twentieth centuries.Volume One, The interval of the Enlightenment, contains a methodological creation to the bigger paintings, in addition to thorough shows of Spinoza, Mendelssohn, Maimon, Ascher, Wessely, Schnaber and Krochmal. pill essays on Kant, Hegel, and Schelling spotlight the problems they bring up that may be of the most important value for Jewish concept.
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Extra resources for A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy: Volume 1 - The Period of the Enlightenment
But what distinguishes them? The answer is—the method of propagation and learning. Yet it is clear that we are speaking not only of different means of expression, but also of the different fundamental assumptions of the way of learning. The whole tension between religion and philosophy is focused in these assumptions. They appear as two different styles of thought: a credulous way of thinking that is based on the authority of external, dogmatic proclamation; and a rational way of thinking, that is based on scientific, systematic experience and on intellectual reflection.
We can say in summary that the philosophy of religion, in its modern sense, adopted from the outset the revolutionary standpoint of the Enlightenment. It did this to reintegrate religion into the culture by defining it as a separate domain in an inclusive philosophical system, based on scientific knowledge and autonomous human reason. Religious philosophy, in the modern sense, adopted the traditional standpoint of religion, based on revelation. 10 The Special Task of Jewish Philosophy of Religion The development of the problem of religion in secular culture—and the problem of secular culture in religion—took place in the Jewish people, as among the other European peoples.
In all these senses, the culture, though it was maintained within a secular political framework, was still a religious culture. All its worldly 9 See Harry Austryn Wolfson’s two landmark studies: Philo: Foundations of Religious Philosophy in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Cambridge, MA: Harvard, 1947) and The Philosophy of Spinoza (Cambridge, MA: Harvard, 1934). Wolfson argued that Philo put together the synthesis of Greek philosophy and Biblically-based religion that was the standard for medieval philosophy as practiced by Christian, Moslem and Jewish philosophers, until it was dismantled by Spinoza.
A History of Modern Jewish Religious Philosophy: Volume 1 - The Period of the Enlightenment by Leonard Levin Eliezer Schweid