Download PDF by Majid Fakhry: A History of Islamic Philosophy - Third Edition

By Majid Fakhry

ISBN-10: 0231132212

ISBN-13: 9780231132213

The 1st entire survey of Islamic philosophy from the 7th century to the current, this vintage discusses Islamic concept and its impression at the cultural features of Muslim existence. Fakhry exhibits how Islamic philosophy has from the earliest instances a particular line of improvement, which supplies it the team spirit and continuity which are the marks of the good highbrow activities of background. (Fall 2006)

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Ibn alNadrm singles out three representatives of this distinguished family, who could boast not only vast wealth, but true intellectual brilliance. They vied with the caliphs in sending out emissaries to purchase Greek texts from Byzantium and engaging the most expert translators throughout the empire. 34 None of the patrons of Greek learning mentioned hitherto could match in zeal, liberality, or intellectual distinction the great 'Abbasid caliph alMa'mnn, whose reign marks a turning point in the development of philosophical and theological thought in Islam.

Bakhtishn', Yu}:Ianna b. Masawaih (d. 857), teacher of the great ijunain, who became the first outstanding Arabic translator of Greek works and the first head of the School of Baghdad (Bait al-l:likmah), founded in 830 by al-Ma'mnn. II The Translations of Philosophical Texts For a century or so following the conquest of the Near East, Arab rulers were occupied with the new problems of administering their far-flung empire and consolidating their military and political gains. The Umayyad caliphs (661-749) particularly were involved in the process of adjustment to this situation.

86 Cf. Anawati, "Prolegomenes a une nouvelle edition du De Causis Arabe," Melanges Louis Massignon, pp. ; also Duhem, Le systeme du monde, IV, p. 332. 87 Al-Fihrist, p. 371, and al-Qifti, Tarrkh, p. 258. 88 Al-Fihrist, p. 366; al-Qifti, Tarrkh, p. ScJ In this movement of desire, the author finds the clue not only to the nature of the Soul, which acts as the link between the sensible and the intelligible worlds, but also the emanation of all things from the One (or First). 92 In support of this view, the author invokes the authority of Heraclitus, Empedocles, Pythagoras, and Plato, who are all said to have held that the Soul descends into the body from the intelligible world and will rejoin it upon its release from the bondage of the body.

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A History of Islamic Philosophy - Third Edition by Majid Fakhry

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