By Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund
A historical past of India is a compact synthesis proposing the grand sweep of Indian historical past from antiquity to the current. It is still the definitive textual content at the state. This re-creation has been completely revised, containing new examine, and an up to date preface, index and dateline. The authors learn the foremost political, fiscal, social and cultural forces that have formed the background of the Indian subcontinent during this survey. This vintage textual content is an authoritative targeted account which emphasises and analyses the stuctural development of Indian heritage.
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Additional info for A History of India, Third Edition
These scholars concentrated their attention on the Vedic Aryans, but more recent archaeological research has changed our knowledge about this period nearly as dramatically as in the case of our knowledge about the antecedents of the Indus civilisation. The alleged gap between Late Harappan and Early Vedic India is no longer considered to be as clearly defined as it used to be. On the one hand it becomes more and more clear that in some regions of South Asia Late Harappan traits continued right up to the Early Vedic period, whereas, on the other hand, ‘intrusive elements’ which are ascribed to early Indo-Aryan migrations into South Asia can be 30 EARLY CIVILISATIONS OF THE NORTHWEST traced in Late Harappan sites.
Moreover, Mohenjo-Daro, the most important site, is badly affected by groundwater which covers the earliest strata. The original foundations of Mohenjo-Daro are now approximately 24 feet below the groundwater level. The rising of the groundwater level was, presumably, one of the reasons for the decline of that city and it also makes it impossible to unravel the secrets of its birth. This is why it is necessary to excavate parallel strata in other sites of the Indus civilisation which are more accessible and whose age can be found out by means of radiocarbon dating.
Settled life produced a great deal of social change, of intensified conflict with the indigenous population and of internal stratification of the Aryan society itself. Trade and crafts increased, small territorial principalities with small residencies arose, and there was a flowering of philosophical thought. There can be no doubt that the Indian society of the middle of the last millennium BC was fundamentally different from that of the Early Vedic age. This Late Vedic age was in many respects the formative phase of Indian culture.
A History of India, Third Edition by Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund